According to recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in October 2008, the United States not seasonally adjusted Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U): Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV was 239.853 and the 12-month percent change (inflation rate) was 16.8%. The following item categories had the highest not seasonally adjusted 12-month percent change in CPI-U:
- Motor fuel: 18.2%
- Household energy: 15.2%
- Food at home: 6.4%
The first chart below shows the 12-month percent change in CPI-U for a selected group of item categories, and the second chart shows the CPI-U for the selected group of item categories. You can also use the control below to select your own categories to see on the chart (at most 10). The table below have data on the CPI-U: Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV and the 12-month percent change (inflation rate) for many more item categories in October 2008.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and services. The CPI of all urban consumers (CPI-U) reflects the spending patterns of all urban consumers which represents about 93 percent of the total US population. The CPI-U is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers.
|Item||CPI-U||12-month % change (Inflation Rate)|
|Food at home||225.456||6.4|
|Rent of primary residence||280.559||5.6|
|Owners' equivalent rent of residences||272.112||2.9|
|Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence||272.112||2.9|
|Utility (piped) gas service||192.917||18.3|
|Gasoline (all types)||282.083||18.2|
|Gasoline, unleaded regular||283.379||17.8|
|Gasoline, unleaded midgrade||263.908||19.1|
|Gasoline, unleaded premium||273.105||20.4|