## RE: Ghana 2020 Presidential Election Results

This article is a follow-up of my previous article that provided a visualization of the results of the recent 2020 presidential election of Ghana based on the regional summary results provided by the Electoral Commission of Ghana (EC). Since then, the Electoral Commision of Ghana has made public the constituency summary results as well.

Naturally, my first reaction is to add that data to the regional summary results and expect the results to somehow match smoothly to provide a lower level view of the data. However, there were several discrepancies in the data when analyzed bottom-up from the constituency level. My goal here is to document the discrepancies I found, call attention to these errors to be fixed, and provide visualizations of the election results based on the constituency summary results.

The discrepancies I identified can generally be grouped into two main groups: (1) Constituency summaries that do not add up, and (2) Regional Summaries for candidates that do not equal the sum of the constituency votes. I provide details of these groups of discrepancies below.

### Constituency Summaries That Do Not Add Up

**Techiman South Constituency, Bono East Region:**The sum of the valid votes for all the candidates in Techiman South is supposed to be*99,436*instead of the*97,223*recorded on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. Specifically, each of the candidates got the following votes: NA Akufo-Addo (46,379), JD Mahama(52,034), CK Andrews(720), IK Greenstreet(46), A Donkor(24), HH Lartey(16), H Ayariga(54), PK Akpaloo(24), DA Apasera(45), BA Dzogbenuku(19), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(29), AKA Walker(46).*-2,213***Sekyere Afram Plains Constituency, Ashanti Region:**The total valid votes for all candidates is supposed to be*15,685*instead of the*15,689*recorded on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo (6,331), JD Mahama(9,194), CK Andrews(56), IK Greenstreet(16), A Donkor(3), HH Lartey(7), H Ayariga(16), PK Akpaloo(7), DA Apasera(12), BA Dzogbenuku(3), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(9), AKA Walker(31).*4***Asawase Constituency, Ashanti Region:**The total valid votes for all candidates is supposed to be*83,054*instead of the*83,051*on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(35,214), JD Mahama(47,460), CK Andrews(248), IK Greenstreet(32), A Donkor(10), HH Lartey(7), H Ayariga(15), PK Akpaloo(9), DA Apasera(22), BA Dzogbenuku(16), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(11), AKA Walker(10).*-3***Upper Denkyira West Constituency, Central Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*36,305*instead of the*37,187*recorded on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(18,413), JD Mahama(17,136), CK Andrews(654), IK Greenstreet(15), A Donkor(13), HH Lartey(4), H Ayariga(16), PK Akpaloo(15), DA Apasera(10), BA Dzogbenuku(5), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(7), AKA Walker(17).*882***Mfantseman Constituency, Central Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*68,567*instead of the*70,166*on summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates as shown on the pink sheet are: NA Akufo-Addo(34,939), JD Mahama(32,194), CK Andrews(1,136), IK Greenstreet(51), A Donkor(61), HH Lartey(20), H Ayariga(18), PK Akpaloo(38), DA Apasera(7), BA Dzogbenuku(38), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(24), AKA Walker(41).*1,599***Ayawaso Central Constituency, Greater Accra Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*62,406*instead of the*62,284*reported on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(32,166), JD Mahama(29,838), CK Andrews(283), IK Greenstreet(31), A Donkor(11), HH Lartey(4), H Ayariga(13), PK Akpaloo(8), DA Apasera(8), BA Dzogbenuku(20), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(20), AKA Walker(4).*-122***Ledzokuku Constituency, Greater Accra Region:**The total votes is supposed to be*110,636*instead of the*110,626*reported on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(50,530), JD Mahama(59,096), CK Andrews(747), IK Greenstreet(81), A Donkor(19), HH Lartey(11), H Ayariga(21), PK Akpaloo(21), DA Apasera(8), BA Dzogbenuku(34), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(33), AKA Walker(35).*-10***Chereponi Constituency, North East Region:**The total votes is supposed to be*32,266*instead of the*32,261*reported on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(17,388), JD Mahama(14,179), CK Andrews(179), IK Greenstreet(36), A Donkor(24), HH Lartey(31), H Ayariga(140), PK Akpaloo(60), DA Apasera(127), BA Dzogbenuku(13), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(21), AKA Walker(68).*-5***Tamale North Constituency, Northern Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*40,696*instead of the*40,688*reported on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(12,474), JD Mahama(27,875), CK Andrews(109), IK Greenstreet(95), A Donkor(13), HH Lartey(5), H Ayariga(24), PK Akpaloo(17), DA Apasera(35), BA Dzogbenuku(30), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(8), AKA Walker(11).*-8***Yendi Constituency, Northern Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*64,321*instead of the*64,381*recorded on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(38,822), JD Mahama(24,942), CK Andrews(117), IK Greenstreet(49), A Donkor(15), HH Lartey(26), H Ayariga(47), PK Akpaloo(95), DA Apasera(83), BA Dzogbenuku(18), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(21), AKA Walker(86).*60***Krachi West Constituency, Oti Region:**The total valid votes is supposed to be*23,074*instead of the*23436*reported on the summary report below; a difference ofvotes. The specific votes gained by the candidates are: NA Akufo-Addo(9,697), JD Mahama(13,052), CK Andrews(206), IK Greenstreet(16), A Donkor(13), HH Lartey(7), H Ayariga(7), PK Akpaloo(10), DA Apasera(4), BA Dzogbenuku(29), NK Agyeman-Rawlings(20), AKA Walker(13).*362*

### Differences in Regional Summaries

*Techiman South*constituency.

**Ahafo Region:**The following are differences discovered in the summaries for candidates:- The total votes gained by CK Andrews is supposed to be
*1,490*instead of*1,493*; a difference of**3**votes. - The total votes gained by IK Greenstreet is supposed to be
*191*instead of*194*; a difference of**3**votes. - The total votes gained by PK Akpaloo is supposed to be
*112*instead of*113*; a difference of**1**vote. - The total votes gained by DAA Apasera is supposed to be
*83*votes instead of*82*; a difference of**-1**vote. - The total votes gained by BA Dzogbenuku is supposed to be
*51*instead of*52*; a difference of**1**.

- The total votes gained by CK Andrews is supposed to be
**Bono Region:**Differences in candidate summaries are as follows:- The total votes gained by JD Mahama is supposed to be
*203,279*instead of*203,329*, a difference of 50 votes.

- The total votes gained by JD Mahama is supposed to be
**Central Region**Differences in candidate summaries are as follows:- The total gained by A Donkor is supposed to be
*520*instead of*478*; a difference of -42 votes. - The total votes gained by HH Lartey is supposed to be
*363*instead of*361*; a difference of -2. - The total votes gained by H Ayariga is supposed to be
*448*instead of*468*; a difference of 20 votes. - The total votes gained by PK Akpaloo is supposed to be
*617*instead of*586*; a difference of -31 votes. - The total votes gained by DAA Apasera is supposed to be
*292*instead of*323*; a difference of 31. - The total votes of BA Dzogbenuku is supposed to be
*1,056*instead of*1,042*; a difference of -14. - The total votes gained by Agyeman-Rawlings is supposed to be
*430*instead of*467*; a difference of 37 votes. - The total votes gained by AKA Walker is supposed to be
*841*instead of*804*; a difference of -37 votes.

- The total gained by A Donkor is supposed to be
**Greater Accra Region**Differences in candidate summaries are as follows:- The total votes gained by PK Akpaloo is supposed to be
*524*instead of*522*; a difference of -2 votes.

- The total votes gained by PK Akpaloo is supposed to be
**Northern**Differences in candidate summaries are as follows:- The total votes gained by NA Akufo-Addo is supposed to be
*409,063*instead of*409,963*; a difference of 900 votes. - The total votes gained by JD Mahama is supposed to be
*47,6650*instead of*47,6550*; a difference of -100 votes. - The total votes gained by IK Greenstreet is supposed to be
*1,516*instead of*1,510*; a difference of -6 votes. - The total votes gained by H Ayariga is supposed to be
*899*instead of*900*; a difference of 1 votes. - The total votes gained by BA Dzogbenuku is supposed to be
*499*instead of*498*; a difference of -1 votes. - The total votes gained by AKA Walker is supposed to be
*1,260*instead of*1,259*; a difference of -1 votes.

- The total votes gained by NA Akufo-Addo is supposed to be
**Oti Region**Differences in candidate summaries are as follows:- The total valid votes gained by NK Agyeman-Rawlings is supposed to be
*253*instead of*263*; a difference of 10 votes.

- The total valid votes gained by NK Agyeman-Rawlings is supposed to be

### Visualization and Data Tables

Candidate | Votes | Percent |
---|---|---|

Nana Addo Akufo-Addo (NPP) | 6,776,066 | 51.26 |

John Dramani Mahama (NDC) | 6,265,266 | 47.4 |

Christian Kwabena Andrews (GUM) | 106,265 | 0.8 |

Ivor Kobina Greenstreet (CPP) | 12,249 | 0.09 |

Akua Donkor (GFP) | 5,640 | 0.04 |

Henry Herbert Lartey (GCPP) | 3,582 | 0.03 |

Hassan Ayariga (APC) | 7,171 | 0.05 |

Percival Kofi Akpaloo (LPG) | 7,739 | 0.06 |

David Asibi Ayindenaba Apasera (PNC) | 10,897 | 0.08 |

Brigette Akosua Dzogbenuku (PPP) | 6,882 | 0.05 |

Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings (NDP) | 6,531 | 0.05 |

Alfred Kwame Asiedu Walker (IND) | 9,788 | 0.07 |

#### Election Results for Ahafo Region

Candidate | Votes | Percent |
---|---|---|

Nana Addo Akufo-Addo (NPP) | 145,584 | 55.05 |

John Dramani Mahama (NDC) | 116,485 | 44.04 |

Christian Kwabena Andrews (GUM) | 1,490 | 0.56 |

Ivor Kobina Greenstreet (CPP) | 191 | 0.07 |

Akua Donkor (GFP) | 49 | 0.02 |

Henry Herbert Lartey (GCPP) | 51 | 0.02 |

Hassan Ayariga (APC) | 150 | 0.06 |

Percival Kofi Akpaloo (LPG) | 112 | 0.04 |

David Asibi Ayindenaba Apasera (PNC) | 83 | 0.03 |

Brigette Akosua Dzogbenuku (PPP) | 51 | 0.02 |

Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings (NDP) | 135 | 0.05 |

Alfred Kwame Asiedu Walker (IND) | 103 | 0.04 |

Candidate | Votes | Percent |
---|---|---|

Nana Addo Akufo-Addo (NPP) | 36,737 | 55.77 |

John Dramani Mahama (NDC) | 28,502 | 43.27 |

Christian Kwabena Andrews (GUM) | 395 | 0.6 |

Ivor Kobina Greenstreet (CPP) | 69 | 0.11 |

Akua Donkor (GFP) | 18 | 0.03 |

Henry Herbert Lartey (GCPP) | 13 | 0.02 |

Hassan Ayariga (APC) | 31 | 0.05 |

Percival Kofi Akpaloo (LPG) | 26 | 0.04 |

David Asibi Ayindenaba Apasera (PNC) | 30 | 0.05 |

Brigette Akosua Dzogbenuku (PPP) | 10 | 0.02 |

Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings (NDP) | 13 | 0.02 |

Alfred Kwame Asiedu Walker (IND) | 26 | 0.04 |

*Data Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana (EC).*

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